Q. What is redistricting?
A. : Redistricting refers to the process of redrawing political boundaries. This usually takes place after the decennial census and reapportionment. Redistricting does not affect the number of legislators per district or state – but how those lines are divided based on the latest reapportionment.
Q. What is reapportionment?
A. Reapportionment is the process of reassigning the number of seats within a legislative body. The best example of reapportionment can be seen in the congressional reapportionment that takes place every ten years after the census figures have been tabulated. The U.S. Census Bureau determines how the 435 congressional seats will be divided among 50 states. States that gain population will likely gain seats. States whose population has decreased since the 2000 census may lose a number of seats. Based on the 2010 census results the Census Bureau determined that Illinois would lose one of its 19 Congressional seats. Redistricting will determine how the remaining 18 seats will be divided within Illinois.
Q. Who determines the political boundaries?
A.The Illinois State Constitution gives the General Assembly the responsibility for redrawing the congressional and legislative political boundaries.
Q. When do the lines change?
A. In Illinois the new congressional, state senate, and state representative lines will be in place for the 2012 primary elections.